Eurasia Barometer is a non-commercial non-governmental international social survey organization headquartered at the Institute for Comparative Survey Research "Eurasia Barometer" in Vienna, Austria.

Its main aim is to monitor political, social and economic transformations in the countries of post-communist Europe and post-Soviet Eurasia in the opinion of their populations.

The target geographical coverage of Eurasia Barometer includes countries of Eastern Europe (Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria), the Balkans, Russian Federation, Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia), Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan).

Eurasia Barometer is a network of research organizations and individual researchers operating in more than 25 countries and including over 50 social and political scientists and social survey researchers.

Eurasia Barometer Consortium has been operating since 1989 and implemented its first social surveys in the countries of post-Communist Europe (Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Romania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Slovenia, and Serbia) as well as Post-Soviet Eurasia (Russia, Ukraine, Belarus) in early 1990s.

Eurasia Barometer is a part of Global Barometer Survey (GBS) which is an umbrella organization for a number of regional barometers (Arab Barometer, Afro Barometer, Asia Barometer, Latino Barometer, Eurasia Barometer).